Scope of Food Technology

Food Technology deals with processing & preservation of Food. It is concerned with all processes involved to process fresh & stored agricultural produce for future consumption as food by the human beings. All the graduate and postgraduate degree courses in Food Technology impart in-depth knowledge of Science and Technology and various skills involved in processing and preservation of foods. Using Food Technology, it is possible to supply the fortified and nutritious foods to the needy population of at very affordable cost.

Food Technology is simply the post harvest technology where the seasonal agricultural and horticultural produce is processed & preserved for long periods for safe storage and further usage at a later date

1.Why Food Technology ? 

It is estimated that nearly 25-35% of perishable food produced in the farm is wasted or rendered unfit for human consumption due to improper storage and preservation. Though our country has achieved near self-sufficiency in many food items and exporting certain food items as they are surplus, the above wastage is resulting in shortages in certain pockets. This wastage may account for a total of around Rs. 90,000 corers which is colossal. As the natural resources of land & water are limited resulting in very limited food supplies, it is of utmost importance to save and use all the food produced.

Even a simple cup of tea requires sugar, milk, water and tea powder and all these come from different industries after processing. The daily requirements of rice and wheat flour come to the people after undergoing primary processing in modern rice mills and wheat flour mills.

The modern housewives are not having enough time to spare in the kitchen and thus they are compelled to use convenience foods like instant mixes etc.

Because of all the aforesaid reasons, there is a growing importance for the Food Technology discipline and hence there is a huge demand for the Food Technologists.

2.Various disciplines under Food Technology and subjects covered in B.Tech. (Food Technology)

Since the range of food we consume is vast, the disciplines in Food Technology encompass a diverse range of specializations. All these disciplines are covered in the curriculum of 4 years course of B.Tech. (Food Technology) degree.

  • Fruit & Vegetable Technology

  • Flour Milling & Baking Technology

  • Plantation products, Spices & Flavor Tech

  • Packaging Technology

  • Distillation Technology

  • Extrusion Technology

  • Food Fungi & Yeast Technology

  • Human Nutrition

  • Food Chemistry

  • Food & Industrial Microbiology

  • Biochemical Engineering

  • Quality Assurance

  • Sanitation Techniques

  • Industrial Consultancy

  • By-product Utilization & Waste Disposal

  • Cereal Technology

  • Legumes & Oil Seed Tech.

  • Dairy Technology

  • Fermentation Technology

  • Meat, Poultry & Fish Technology

  • Food Biotechnology

  • Protein Technology

  • Food Engineering

  • Food Biochemistry

  • Sensory Evaluation

  • Food Safety & Hygiene

  • Infestation Control

  • Plant Management

  • Business Management

    Co-operation and Finance

    Marketing  of food products 


Apart from covering all the above applied disciplines,the following courses also are offered  to B.Tech. (Food Technology) students  

  • NSS

  • Applied Mathematics & Statistics

  • Environmental Sciences

  • Structural & Spoken English

  • Economics of Production

  • Molecular Biology

  • Computers Applications

  • Extension Education

  • Marketing of Food Products.

3. Career prospectus for a Food Technologist

With the wide coverage of a horizon of disciplines as mentioned above, sky is the only limit for a promising Food Technologists. The career options or possibilities are unlimited and many be classified as below,

4. Employment opportunities

A Food Technologists can get employment in different departments of an Organization namely


Product Development



Project Implementation


Sensory Evaluation



Entrepreneurship Development

Quality Assurance

Research & Development


Project Financing

Project Appraisal

 With the adoption of globalization policy and opening up of Indian shares for foreign investments & technologies a lot of foreign companies and MNCs are setting up their production, R & D, Educational and Outsourcing Facilities in our country. Thus there is ample scope for the Food Technologists in the existing and newly coming up Indian as well as Foreign Organizations.

To Name a Few : 

a) Industrial Sectors

  • Biscuits (Britannia Ind.),

  • Soft Drinks (Coca Cola)

  • Ice Cream (Vadilal, Joy)

  • Snacks Foods (Haldiram)

  • Pickles (Bedekar, Priya)

  • Meat (Alkabir Exports)

  • Flavors (Food Ingredients)

  • Flours mills (Krishna)

  • Breweries (United brew)

  • Distilleries (Shaw Wallance)

  • Malt Co. (Bar Malt Co.)

  • Tea (Tata Te)

  • Bakeries (Modern Ind)

  • Dairy (AMUL,NDDB)

  • Confectionery (Cadburys)

  • Fruits & Vegetables (Kisans)

  • Poultry (Venkys)

  • Prawns (Union Carbide)

  • Extruded Foods (AP Foods)

  • Rice Mills (Binny Industries)

  • Enzymes (Narden)

  • Oil Mills (Tata Oil Mills)

  • Health Beverages (Horlics)

  • Coffee (Brook Bond)

b) Government Departments

  • State & Central Govt. Food Depts.

  • Ministry of Food Processing Industries

  • Food Inspectors in Food and Drug Administration Dept.

  • National & Private Banks


  • Food Testing Laboratories

  • Food Corporation of India
  • Export & Inspection Council
  • BIS
  • Ministry of Child Development & Family Welfare State & Central Agricultral University
  • ASRB
  • State & Central Non Agricultural University 
  • FSMS
  • ICAR Research Institutes
  • NIT
  • IIT
  • KVK, Demmed Universities, Polytechnic Colleges.

 c) Educational Institutions:

  • Consultants

  • Training & Consultancy Firms

d) Research & Development Instituions


e) NGO's (Non Govt. Organization) 

  • CARE

  • DFID


f) Self employment avenues

The Govt. gives lot of incentives and support for those technocrats who want to start their own enterprise by way of providing finance, training, infrastructure and marketing facilities. They can start cottage, small, medium or large scale industries in rural or urban areas depending on resources available and marketing feasibility. A self-employment venture in Food Technology may be highly technology oriented and investment intensive or it can be a very low key technology and low investment unit like salted peanuts, drinking water pouches, betelnut powder, etc. It can be also a trading venture where one can set up business enterprises, wholesale and retail outlets, etc. It can be a servicing unit where different services are provided, like Consultancy Services, Tumkey establishment of units, Nutritionist, Dietician etc.

 g) Higher Studies

The B.Tech. (Food Technology) student can further pursue higher studies like M.Sc./M.Tech./Ph.D. and also Post Doctoral Research. Then he/she can enter teaching or research professions or any Industrial enterprises.

 h) Foreign chances

There are ample opportunities for the B.Tech (Food Technology) students to go abroad for continuing studies and research or for doing any job.

One can even start some ventures of his own in other countries.

i) All India and allied services of government

The B.Tech (Food Technology) graduate is eligible for appearing competitive examinations like IAS, IPS, IFS, IES, UPSC, MPSC, etc.